Far from being a solved phenomenon, dumping sites keep growing in most of the districts. Chacabuco is no exception. Citizens, companies and even public authorities, all of them contribute with untreated waste accumulations. This situation, besides generating environmental pollution, is a health threaten for the families that live in the surrounding areas.
Our city generates tones of an increasing amount of waste, which lacks the appropriate treatment. There is an urgent need for appropriate treatments to prevent air, soil and water pollution, and also minimize public health damages.
Statistics show that 19% of diseases are caused by the environment. In most of cases, the affected people get sick by the contact with domestic animals, infected rodents o through the ingestion of contaminated food.
Many of the materials in the waste stream could be recycled or reused. To do this in an efficient way, there is a need for a clear awareness in society about the many benefits of the reuse of these elements for the environment.
To achieve this, it is necessary to implement fostering campaigns in every area. These ones have been implemented since the beginning of the present administration: Plan Bio (used vegetable oil), Separados (differentiated waste collection), Ponete las pilas (used batteries collection), No le claves un visto (electric and electronic waste) and Educadores Ambientales (school talks).
Unfortunately, some people keep on throwing their waste in vacant lots, a behavior that is socially imitated and leads to the generation of micro-dumping sites. There is a need to aware the population about the role of recycling as a job generator. Part of the municipal waste management could be done by micro-enterprises and cooperatives. In Chacabuco, we started to implement this idea: the Cooperativa Chacabuco Verde is in charge of the municipal solid waste facility, under the coordination of the municipality.
Exclusion, child labor, illnesses, short life expectation are some of the risks people that pick waste from streets or dumping sites are exposed to. The absence of policies and incentives for recycling is, along with unemployment, the main responsible for informal waste-picking.
An urgent debate is needed in terms of projects for waste collection reconversion, insertion of informal waste-pickers in formal jobs and the improvement of their quality of life.
Recycling consists in obtaining raw material or a new useful product from the industrialization of matter or a used product, as way to prevent the depletion of natural resources and to environmentally manage waste.
Remediate the dumping site, by modifying actions for classification in origin, responsible consumption, fostering circular economy and restricting access to the site.
The planned strategy has several aspects to define that interact and have to be executed as a whole.
1. Environmental educators: successfully implemented program: 8000 out of 13000 students were trained.
2. Big bells for the dry waste stream, located in green public spaces.
3. Environmental stations in education institutions of every level, for the disposal of wet and dry waste streams.
4. Containerization: adding 1100 l containers. The Municipality has 400 units and needs 3000 more containers.
5. Training and social inclusion of environmental recyclers to work in the Municipal Solid Waste Treatment Plant.
6. Sanitary cell: correct disposal of MSW.
7. Pyrolysis with scrap for energy production and grid injection.
Municipality: $ 21.930.000
Ministry: $ $2.200.000