The Experimental Pellet Plant and the Laboratory of Evaluation of the Biomass - Phase 1 had been presented in Bariloche. The provincial authorities contributed 1.000.000 $ARS to begin with the Phase 2, in the framework of the Provincial Law Nº 3739 on the Promotion of Science, Technology and Innovation.
As a result, thanks to the promotion of new technologies, the sustainable use of forest residues is increasing in order to produce energy and improve the quality of heating systems in the households where the gas network is not available and, instead, they have to consume wood, bottled gas or electricity for heating.
During the presentation, the minister of Economy, Agustin Domingo, expressed that “for the Province, this project is of great importance, it contributes to the reduction of forest biomass, production development and energy efficiency. This is a significant step in the right direction. We accompany the private sector, first with the purchase of wood chip boilers and today with a laboratory aimed at supporting the private sector in taking advantage of this value chain.”
In turn, the minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Alberto Diomedi, mentioned that “we should listen to the proposals which come from below, as for example the concern with forest residues. I appreciate everyone who worked hard to reach that goal, together with the Ministry and the Municipality”.
Finally, the national government Secretary for Science, Technology and Productive Innovation, Lino Baranao, declared that “this is a practical example of how the science and technology improve the quality of life of the people, this has a very important social impact”.
In this respect, Domingo has handed over a non-refundable contribution of 1.000.000 $ARS for the expansion and consolidation of the pellet plant and the laboratory to the executive director of the Centro de Investigación y Extensión Forestal Andino Patagónico (CIEFAP), Jose Daniel Lencinas.
This will permit the purchase and installation of the mills and hammers for the biomass to obtain the right size of the chip for pelletizing, as well as the consolidation of the laboratory and the realization of testing with the pellets and poplar chips that are of potential use in the valley. This will improve the processes and the analysis of the products involving the pellets and chips combustion, providing a unique high-quality service in the region.
What are pellets and how are they produced?
The pellet is a product obtained as a result of compacting and densification of sawdust and wood particles that is used worldwide for the heating of the cold zones where the biomass supply is available at a relatively close distance. Its production requires a number of industrial processes to maintain the quality of the product within the range.
Among the most outstanding characteristics of the pellets is the fact that it is a renewable heating resource of local origin that generates workplaces, recycles forest and sawmill residues, diminishes the risk of fires due to the overuse of fire energy. It is a type of alternative fuel of smaller cost than the fossil fuels, such as bottled gas or diesel, that produces the double of energy quantity compared to the equivalent of its weight in wood, and, finally, contributes to the reduction of the climate change, fomenting clean combustion and reducing the emissions.
The internal heating market, both urban and rural, requires a combustible of major energy density and easier manipulation. As a result, the pellet is a solid biofuel that has most potential to substitute the liquid gas and permits the use of less powerful equipment than the one used with the chips.
Translator: Victoria Yuzova