The Municipality has fulfilled two of the four stages proposed by the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy. After the meeting, the two remaining stages will be pursued, which entails defining the mitigation targets and adaptation to climate change and preparing the action plan where the measures to achieve by 2030 proposed by the local government are to be defined.
The people who took part in the workshop were:
• Municipality of San Antonio de Areco
o Luis Carlos Lupini, Secretary of Planning;
o Francisco Rebollo Paz, Department of Urban Open Spaces;
o Franco Ciaffardini, Department of Environment and Municipal Hygiene Service;
o Noelia Jaramillo, Private Construction Project Coordination;
o Sofía Scarano, Center of Monitoring and Early Warning;
o Betiana Gallieza, Department of Public Construction Projects;
o María Heredia, Department of Measurement and Urban Development;
o Ariel Arellano, Preservation of Public Property;
o Ignacio López, Coordinator of Social Inclusion;
o Ramiro Ramallo, City Councelor.
• Red Argentina de Municipiosfrente al Cambio Climático
o Emanuel Ayala, Coordination of the Technical Team.
At the beginning of the workshop, the attendees were given an introduction to climate change, the Red Argentina de Municipiosfrente al Cambio Climático and the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy. The Covenant of Mayors, formed by more than 9,200 cities (including San Antonio de Areco), suggests a process of climate planning made up of 4 stages: the first requires the local government to commit with the plan; the second, a baseline to be adopted – which includes the preparation of the inventory of greenhouse gas emissions and an assessment of climate risks; the third requires the targets of mitigation and adaptation to climate change to be defined; and the fourth, the action plan to be outlined – which will detail the measures to be achieved by 2030 proposed by the local government. Subsequently, the results of the inventory of the district were shared with the attendees and the sources of emission were identified in a map of the district.
Throughout the workshop many actions to curb the greenhouse gas emissions were discussed, some of which were:
• Legislating the new constructions, both public and privates, based on new criteria of energy efficiency, regarding a progressive implementation in proportion to the squared meters to be covered.
• Training local architects for them to suggest energy efficiency measures as from the design of the construction;
• Fostering the application of the standard ISO 50.001 on energy management systems in an organization in the industrial sector;
• Furthering a law that enables the injection of electric energy into the power distribution network;
• Installing renewable energies (especially solar thermal and photovoltaic energy) in both public and private buildings;
• Installing rainwater harvesting systems;
• Enhancing the street light system by replacing 3000 lamps by LED technology;
• Working together with the gastronomic and hotel sectors – which are substantial for the district’s tourism – forthem to adopt energy efficiency measures.
• Pedestrianizing the urban area;
• Regulating or forbidding parking in the historic city center;
• Creating public bicycle parking stations and passenger transfer centers (parking lots near bus stops and bicycle parking stations;)
• Installing vehicle battery chargers to boost electric mobility;
• Planting trees in the roadway to narrow public parking spaces and deter citizens from using automobiles.
• Removing, sanitatingand forestating the open dump.
• Implementing the sorting at the source program.
• Introducing house and centralized compost programs.
• Adopting laws to reduce the use of plastics, bags and other disposable materials.
• Instituting the “Glass of Tradition” in municipal events.
Agriculture, Stockbreeding and Use of the Soil
• Implementing restoration programs in agricultural lands.
• Introducing a regulation regarding the use of soil in the rural areas.
• Installing biodigesters in livestock facilities to treat organic matter and produce energy.
On the other hand, as regards climate change, the maps prepared in 2018 concerning flooding risks by the swelling of the Areco river were shown to the attendees and used as a baseline to detect other threats related to the climate change and its effects.Thus, we identified the ancient two odlands that are likely to collapse, flooded areas, heat urban islands, and a key spot in the railway bridge that must be reinforced since, should the river rise, itwould work as a dam.
Some of the actions suggested for the adaptation strategy were:
• Prioritizing the planting of native trees above that of other species that have developed a resistance to fierce storms.
• Mitigating the effect of the heat island with urban forestation – which is linked to the mitigation strategy of planting trees in roadways;
• Exploiting the System of Risk Management, the Center of Monitoring and Early Warning and the Water Management Plan;
• Introducing a regulation to use water retardants to slow down the runoffs.
• Reinforcing the railway embankment sitting over Areco river – sinceit works as a flood containment;
• Bringing in a regulation of rural spatial planning – which is also linked to the mitigation strategy;
• Implementing a program of urban and rural biological corridors to protect biodiversity.
By means of all this, San Antonio de Areco proves how important local governments are when it comes to climate actions. Besides, it strengthens the process of mitigating the risk of disasters such as those that have struck us lately, which makes this city a role model for the entire country. Throughout 2019, RAMCC will continue to support local administrations in their action plans preparation for it to remain the top climate actor in Latin America.
Translator: Mayra Soto