RAMCC attended the COP24 (Annual Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)


09/01/2019

The main objective for the parties this year was to agree on the rules of implementation of the Paris Agreement signed during the conference of 2015. But, besides the negotiations carried out between countries under the commissions, the conference is the opportunity in which not only the countries gather but also organizations, local and regional levels of government institutions, the academy and all actors currently working with worldwide climate change in a varied of ways.

The delegation of RAMCC participated in the event as part of the Argentine delegation and also as a guest of the WWF and of the Alliance for Climate Action of Argentina. Since the delegation had no specific agenda, the Conference was an opportunity to create new bonds and to strengthen the commitment to go in depth the climate actions of local governments.

On Saturday afternoon, the delegation went over the pavilions that the different countries set up during the conference to share and make visible their ongoing actions.
The delegation participated in the meeting of the Alliance for Climate Action on Sunday, 9th. https://alliancesforclimateaction.com/

Representatives from the different Alliance for Climate Action that were recently encouraged by the WWF, both current and in formation, gathered to examine the current situation of the Alliances and of the lessons learned during this time. Based on that and taking into account the expectations of each of the Alliances, they jointly agreed on the following steps. The meetings were also an opportunity for exchanging experiences between the different groups and for creating bonds between those interested actors apart from the countries. Such meetings were, also, an instance of preparation for the event, that will be carried out next tuesday as a side event at COP, in which these alliances became internationally known.

The delegation participated in the High-level segment on Monday, 10th. Pre- 2020 situation: ambition and implementation. https://unfccc.int/topics/pre-2020
During such segment, the heads of the delegations of the parties to the UNFCCC agreed on the necessity to increase their objectives and to begin with the implementation of measures pre-2020, the year in which the Paris Agreement is to become officially in effect. From the original panel, representatives from Poland, China, Granada and Australia participated and the countries established their viewpoints and jointly analyzed the assessments of the special report of IPCC on Global Warming of 1.5 °C and other technical reports carried out by other world organizations.

The delegation, also, participated in the side event: a UN for compatible cities, those resilient cities whose local administrators are aware of risk of sustainable development.
The group organized by UN-HABITAT includes a varied of programs of the United Nations that work in furtherance of the cities by helping them to deal with risk and climate change. The discussion revolved around the different tools that the UN has to sponsor the resilience of cities: Sendai framework for the guide of urban planning of the administration of  climate risk, national plan for Climate adjustment [NAP for its Spanish acronym] and the Green Climate Fund. All the programs highlighted the importance of incorporating climate resilience as a principal mainstay to urban development.

Finally, the delegation participated in the Talanoa Dialogues organized by the International Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI). Representatives from different cities and regions of the world, in which the Talanoa Dialogues are carried out, shared their experiences as to how this instances of dialogue, opened to all actors and levels of government, provide for strategies and create concrete actions by means of which countries can: increase their ambition to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, accelerate the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) and the transition to low-carbon economies. The participating members of the panel were: Yunus Arikan (Head of Global Advocacy and Policy of ICLEI), Sue Goeranson (Head of the Environmental Team of municipalities of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development), Kazumi Kobayashi (Mayor of the Japanese city Yokohama), Manuel Araujo (mayor of Quelimane, Mozambique), Maia Tskhvaradze (from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Georgia), Astrid Knutsen Hårstad (from the Ministry of Climate and Environment of Norway), and Markku Makkula (Vice-president of the European Committee of the Regions). The conclusions of the panel focused the importance of integral action plans when seeking funding. These plans should revolve around the reduction of gas emissions, and, also, they should incorporate the adjustment to climate change and a clear perspective of the type of development that it is sought for the region or city and its inhabitants.

Other event in which we participated was the IPCC Cities: investigation agenda.

IPCC is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an organization that gives climate science advice. It is, also, responsible for drafting technical reports that ground the decisions of the UNFCCC. During the meeting held in April 2018, IPCC has decided that its next reports will focus on the cities and their opportunities and challenges regarding climate change. Until now, all the information produced was at a national level. Indeed, a special report about this will be drafted. This new perspective is consolidated in alliances with, for instance, The Global Covenant of Mayors, known otherwise as Innovate4Cities.

Finally on Tuesday 11th, we took part in the meeting regarding the International launching of the Alliances for Climate Action.

Alliances for Climate Action is WWF initiative that was set in motion during 2018. In November 2018, together with other organizations, among which is RAMCC, Argentina was consolidated as one of the Alliances. The main objective is to create a space for the exchange of views that will lead to concrete climate actions. This initiative wishes to replicate the success that other networks and alliances have in some countries regarding the implementation of climate action. The exemplary case is that of the US Alliance “We are still in” in which companies, local and regional levels of governments, the academy and citizens take the lead in seeking resources, even more than the national government.
Nowadays, alliances in Japan, Mexico and Argentina have been consolidated. Their experiences (incipient in all of them), together with those of We are Still In, were illustrated in this event. All speakers and guests have highlighted the importance of creating interdisciplinary, cross-sectional and multilevel working groups at a national level to face the challenge that climate change entails. It is worth mentioning that no public organization is a party to this alliances, so that other action mechanism are given an advantage.
During the event, Cristian Feldkamp, Head of CREA [Argentinian Agricultural nonprofit Organization] and initial member of the Argentinian Alliance for Climate Action, described the situation in Argentina, the action taken so far by the different organizations and institutions and how they expect to produce Synergy by means of the Alliance.

The most experienced Alliances of Japan and the United States encouraged the others to:
● Involve the institutions related to health because of: the consequences, most of the time overlooked, that the climate change produces in this systems; the importance that health problems have to the general public; and, the scope and knowledge of this institutions. Therefore, a wider scope is achieved; and to, 
● Maintain a luring viewpoint for business, so that the private sector, also, takes interest in the climate action.

The Alliance of Mexico is not yet at a national level since a regional level is being tried. This Alliance was conformed in Guadalajara.

More information about the Alliance for Climate change of Argentina is available at:

https://c402277.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/publications/1190/files/original/FINAL__Declaratoria_Alianza_Argentina_INGLES.pdf?1542819856

More information about the Alliance for Climate Action of Mexico is available at:

http://www.wwf.org.mx/que_hacemos/cambio_climatico_y_energia/aca_gdl_founding_declaration.cfm

More information about the Alliance for Climate Action of Japan is available at: https://japanclimate.org/english/

More information about We are Still In is available at: https://www.wearestillin.com/

Translator: Victoria Suárez