Climate change is the main challenge facing humankind. To a great extent, this phenomenon is caused by the continuous increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations released in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution, resulting primarily from man-related activities.
The effects of climate change are already apparent as evidenced by the increase in global average temperature worldwide, which has caused a wide range of impacts in the different ecosystems all over the world. All this poses a threat to the survival of countless species, with severe effects on biodiversity and on all the human economic systems. Therefore, according to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), immediate actions must be taken in order to limit the average increase of global temperature to less than 2°C.
In order to address this issue, the "Argentine Network of Municipalities against Climate Change" (RAMCC) was created during the First International Conferences "Municipalities and Climate Change" held in the city of Monte Caseros, Corrientes, from November 25 to November 27, 2010. The RAMCC is an instrument for the coordination and promotion of local public policies fighting climate change in Argentina's cities and towns.
The implementation of projects or programs at local, regional or national level relating to the mitigation of and/or adaptation to climate change through the mobilization of local, national, and international resources.
The RAMCC's member municipalities share learning and tools to help them increase the impact of their actions. To that end:
MEMBER MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWNS
The RAMCC is currently composed of 130 municipalities and towns from all over the country. Their governments are spread over 18 provinces. The Network encompasses a wide range of realities and includes cities over 1 million inhabitants, as well as small inland towns. In this specific context, actions are called for in urban areas where approximately 7.3 million people live.
This diversity allows the Network to address a heterogeneous variety of environmental issues and make the challenges scalable and national. Furthermore, diversity is also found in productive, geographical, and demographic issues –among others– which are indicative of the wide range of opportunities and actions promoted by the RAMCC to tackle climate change.
LOCAL PLANS FOR CLIMATE ACTION
Cities have gained importance in climate-related actions owing to their direct on-site interventions and their proximity with residents and institutions. For that reason, one of the actions spurred on by the Network is the development of Local Plans for Climate Action (PLAC).
The RAMCC, in collaboration with ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability), has adapted the standard on the reporting of greenhouse gas (GG) emissions used worldwide, known as the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC). Currently, the GG inventory of 80 municipalities is regulated by said protocol.
Since 2016, the Network has taken up the challenge to help train the authorities of local governments in leading-edge and innovative policies and to this end, it has organized 6 international trips (Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, and Sweden).
The exchange and training experiences shared with European cities has led the Network to enter into a partnership with the Network of Swedish Eco-municipalities (SEKOM).
APPOINTMENT OF THE RAMCC AS THE NATIONAL COORDINATOR OF THE GLOBAL COVENANT OF MAYORS
The Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy is an international partnership of local governments sharing the long-term vision of promoting and supporting voluntary action to fight climate change and become a low-emitting and resilient society. To date, it is composed of 7478 cities and villages from all over the world, 80 of which are members of the RAMCC.
On May 12, 2017, the European Union (EU), by way of a project known as International Urban Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean (IUC-LAC), has appointed the RAMCC as National Coordinator. In this context, the RAMCC undertakes to foster the adherence of new municipalities and to collaborate in honoring the commitments laid out in the Covenant.
AGREEMENT WITH THE COPENHAGEN CENTER ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY
In August, the RAMCC started a partnership with the Copenhagen Center on Energy Efficiency, a research and assessment institution devoted to speeding up the global implementation of policies, programs, and actions on energy efficiency. The Copenhagen Center is the Center for Energy Efficiency of the United Nations' initiative Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL).
The goal of the agreement is to launch local energy efficiency projects in Argentina, in order to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals set for 2030 consisting in doubling the energy efficiency improvement rate at world level.
CREATION OF TASK FORCES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL STRATEGIES
The RAMCC is currently developing six National Strategies through the creation of task forces composed of civil servants from local governments, scholars, representatives of national technical organizations and international cooperation organizations. They will be coordinated by the RAMCC and advised by national and international experts. The areas of work are: energy restoration in public buildings, thermal districts, waste energy assessment, the use of biomass as a clean energy source, public lighting efficiency, and electric public transportation.
The municipalities have created task forces (one for each National Program) and they meet on a periodic basis to discuss and evaluate funding and implementation possibilities. That way, they seek to reach the required scale to back potential interested parties, from an economic viewpoint.
COOPERATION WITH THE MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ARGENTINA
On September 4, 2017, the Executive Secretary and a group of mayors from the RAMCC have met the Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development, Rabbi Sergio Bergman. Arrangements were made to enter into a Blanket Agreement and coordinate work with the program of Sustainable Municipalities devised by the Ministry. In the meeting, the RAMCC revealed the work conducted by the six National Programs developed by the municipalities belonging to the program.
On the other hand, the RAMCC keeps healthy and enduring relationships with the National Department of Climate Change of the Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development. The cooperation is aimed at aligning the goals established in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) with the work and projects put forward to local governments by the RAMCC.
COUNCIL OF MAYORS
On Febrery 7, 2018, was created Council of Mayors that coordinates the actions of the RAMCC.
It is formed by: